abolish

听听怎么读
英 [əˈbɒlɪʃ]
美 [əˈbɑlɪʃ]
是什么意思
  • vt.

    废除,废止;取消,革除;消灭;撤销

  • 变形

    过去式:abolished过去分词:abolished现在分词:abolishing第三人称单数:abolishes

    双语释义

    v.(动词)
    1. vt. 废除; 取消 officially end a law, a system or an institution; bring to an end by law; stop

    英英释义

    abolish[ ə'bɔliʃ ]

    • v.do away with

      "Slavery was abolished in the mid-19th century in America and in Russia"

      同义词:get rid of

    学习怎么用

    词汇搭配

    用作动词 (v.)
    动词+~
    • seek to abolish试图取消
    • decide to abolish决定取消
    • vote to abolish投票取消
    ~+名词
    • abolish a ban取消禁令
    • abolish a constitutional law废除一项符合宪法的法规
    • abolish a department撤销一个机构
    • abolish a post撤销一个职位
    • abolish a system废除一种制度
    • abolish abuses of power铲除滥用权力的现象
    • abolish child labour禁雇童工
    • abolish control取消控制
    • abolish folly消除愚昧
    • abolish fox hunting禁猎狐狸
    • abolish old rules取消旧规则
    • abolish outmoded regulations and irrational practices革除陈规陋习
    • abolish poverty消除贫困
    • abolish prostitution取缔卖淫
    • abolish racial discrimination废除种族歧视
    • abolish slavery废除奴隶制度
    • abolish slave trade取缔奴隶贸易
    • abolish superstitious practices取缔迷信活动
    • abolish tariff barriers取消关税壁垒
    • abolish the death penalty废除死刑
    • abolish the pensions取消养老金
    • abolish the system of exploitation of man by man消灭人剥削人的制度
    ~+副词
    • altogether abolish彻底废除
    • abolish completely完全废除
    • abolish effectually有效地废除
    • abolish entirely全部废除
    • abolish largely大体上取消
    • abolish forcibly强制取缔
    • abolish gradually逐步取消
    • abolish immediately立即取消
    • abolish permanently永久废除
    • abolish totally全部取消
    • abolish tyrannically专横地废除
    • abolish ultimately最终废除
    • abolish virtually差不多废除;实际上取消

    同近义词辨析

    preclude, discard, abandon, eliminate, abolish, dismiss

    preclude排除

    discard丢弃,抛弃(可指人也可指物)

    abandon放弃(某物)

    eliminate消除,淘汰

    abolish(依法)废除

    dismiss解雇

    repeal, cancel, abolish

    这组词都有“取消、废除”的意思,其区别是:

    repeal书面用词,指撤销立法机关通过的协议、法案或法律等。

    cancel用法广泛,多指取消债务、合同、证书、比赛、旅行、计划或约会等。

    abolish正式用词,指彻底废除某种制度、规章或习俗。

    extinguish, dispose, erase, exclude, cancel, eliminate, abolish

    这组词都有“取消,除掉”的意思,其区别是:

    extinguishv.熄灭,扑灭(火);使沉默,使暗淡。

    Firefighters extinguished a big fire.消防队员扑灭了大火。

    disposev.处理,处置;表示“除掉、扔掉”时常与of连用。(这一点需要注意。)

    After your picnic, please dispose of the litter.野餐后请清除掉垃圾。

    erasev.除去,擦掉,指有意识地除去字迹、声音等。

    I erased the music on the tape before recording on the tape again.我在往磁带上录音之前先消掉了上面的音乐。

    excludev.排斥;排除,不包括在内,与include互为反义词。

    The restaurant excludes anyone who is not properly dressed from entering.衣冠不整者不得进入该餐馆。

    cancelv.对预先安排的某种活动(如旅行、计划、会议等)的取消;删去(字、句)。

    The meeting has been cancelled because of the flu.会议由于流感而取消了。

    eliminatev.指消除、淘汰已经存在但是现在不需要的东西。

    The losing team was eliminated from further competition.失利的那个队被淘汰了,不能参加下一阶段的比赛。

    The doctor helped him eliminate toxins from the intestine.医生帮助他排出肠中毒素。

    abolishv.指对法律、习俗、制度的废除;完全破坏。

    The government abolished the tax on alcohol.政府取消了酒税。

    repeal, delete, cancel, abolish

    repeal书面用词,指撤销立法机关通过的协议、法案或法律等。

    delete vt. 删除

    cancel用法广泛,多指取消债务、合同、证书、比赛、旅行、计划或约会等。

    abolish正式用词,指彻底废除某种制度、规章或习俗。

    双语例句

    用作及物动词(vt.)
    1. Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in the United States.
      亚伯拉罕·林肯在美国废除了奴隶制。
    2. There are many bad customs and laws that ought to be abolished.
      有许多不良的习俗和法规应予以废除。
    3. They petitioned the government to abolish hanging.
      他们向政府请愿,要求废除绞刑。
    4. The legislature passed a law to abolish the surtax.
      立法机关通过了一项废除附加税的法令。
    5. The weapons of war must be abolished before they abolish us.
      在作战武器消灭我们以前,我们应先把它消灭。

    权威例句

    Indomethacin and aspirin abolish prostaglandin release from the spleen.
    Suprachiasmatic Nuclear Lesions Do Not Abolish Food-Shifted Circadian Adrenal and Temperature Rhythmicity
    Local inflammation and hypoxia abolish the protective anticontractile properties of perivascular fat in obese patients.
    Lesions of the basolateral amygdala abolish the ability of drug associated cues to reinstate responding during withdrawal from self-...
    Self-assembling chimeric polypeptide-doxorubicin conjugate nanoparticles that abolish tumours after a single injection
    Mutations in the Trp-Ser-X-Trp-Ser motif of the erythropoietin receptor abolish processing, ligand binding, and activation of the re...
    Discrete mutations introduced in the predicted nucleotide-binding sites of the mdr1 gene abolish its ability to confer multidrug res...
    Phosphorylation and supramolecular organization of murine small heat shock protein HSP25 abolish its actin polymerization-inhibiting...
    Mutations in the highly conserved GGQ motif of class 1 polypeptide release factors abolish ability of human eRF1 to trigger peptidyl...
    Mutations that alter an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence in the adenovirus type 2 penton base protein abolish its cell-rounding activity a...