keep

听听怎么读
英 [ki:p]
美 [kip]
是什么意思
  • vt.

    保持;保留;遵守;阻止

  • vi.

    (食品)保持新;保持健康;

  • n.

    保持,保养;供养,抚养;生活,生计;饲料;牧草

  • 变形

    复数:keeps过去式:kept过去分词:kept现在分词:keeping第三人称单数:keeps

    双语释义

    v.(动词)
    1. vt. & vi. (使)保持; (使)继续 (cause to) stay, remain or continue
    2. vi. (食品)保持新鲜 (of food) remain fresh and fit to eat
    3. vt. 阻止,防止,耽搁 hold back; delay; prevent
    4. vt. 履行,遵守fulfil
    5. vt. & vi. 保有,保存,保留 have without the need of returning
    6. vt. 供养,饲养 take care of and provide with food, money, etc.
    7. vt. 经营,管理,料理 own and have use of
    8. vt. 守卫,看守 guard; protect

    英英释义

    keep[ ki:p ]

    • n.
      • the financial means whereby one lives

        "each child was expected to pay for their keep"

        同义词:supportlivelihoodlivingbread and buttersustenance

      • the main tower within the walls of a medieval castle or fortress

        同义词:donjondungeon

      • a cell in a jail or prison

        同义词:hold

    • v.
      • keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g.,

        "keep clean"; "The students keep me on my toes"

        同义词:maintainhold

      • continue a certain state, condition, or activity

        同义词:continuego onproceedgo along

      • retain possession of

        "Can I keep my old stuffed animals?"

        同义词:hold on

      • prevent from doing something or being in a certain state

        同义词:prevent

      • conform one's action or practice to

        "keep appointments"; "she never keeps her promises"

        同义词:observe

      • observe correctly or closely

        "keep count"; "I cannot keep track of all my employees"

        同义词:observemaintain

      • look after; be the keeper of; have charge of

        "He keeps the shop when I am gone"

      • maintain by writing regular records

        "keep a diary"; "keep notes"

        同义词:maintain

      • supply with room and board

        "He is keeping three women in the guest cottage"; "keep boarders"

      • allow to remain in a place or position

        "The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff"; "Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on"

        同义词:retaincontinuekeep onkeep going

      • supply with necessities and support

        "There's little to earn and many to keep"

        同义词:sustainmaintain

      • fail to spoil or rot

        "These potatoes keep for a long time"

        同义词:stay fresh

      • celebrate, as of holidays or rites

        同义词:observecelebrate

      • keep under control; keep in check

        "keep your cool"

        同义词:restrainsuppresskeep backhold back

      • maintain in safety from injury, harm, or danger

        "May God keep you"

        同义词:preserve

      • raise

        "She keeps a few chickens in the yard"; "he keeps bees"

      • retain rights to

        "keep my job for me while I give birth"; "keep my seat, please"; "keep open the possibility of a merger"

        同义词:keep openhold opensave

      • store or keep customarily

        "Where do you keep your gardening tools?"

      • have as a supply

        "I always keep batteries in the freezer"; "keep food for a week in the pantry"; "She keeps a sixpack and a week's worth of supplies in the refrigerator"

      • maintain for use and service

        "I keep a car in the countryside"; "She keeps an apartment in Paris for her shopping trips"

        同义词:maintain

      • hold and prevent from leaving
      • prevent (food) from rotting

        "keep potatoes fresh"

        同义词:preserve

    学习怎么用

    词汇搭配

    用作动词 (v.)
    ~+名词
    • keep a business经营一家商店
    • keep a diary记日记
    • keep a family养家糊口
    • keep a festival过节
    • keep a good distance保持相当一段距离
    • keep a good table待客周到
    • keep a hotel开设旅馆
    • keep a man养一个情夫
    • keep a meeting举行会议
    • keep a school办学校
    • keep a shop开一个小店
    • keep a small tearoom经营一间小茶室
    • keep a woman养一个情妇
    • keep an agreement遵守协议
    • keep an appointment守约
    • keep an inn开一个小店
    • keep an orchard经营果园
    • keep bad company跟坏人交朋友
    • keep bees养蜂
    • keep books记账
    • keep cattle养牛
    • keep Christmas庆祝圣诞节
    • keep clothes保管衣服
    • keep company结交,亲热
    • keep early hours早睡早起
    • keep faith守信用
    • keep goal守球门
    • keep good time钟或表走得准
    • keep hens养鸡
    • keep hold抓住
    • keep house管理家务
    • keep late hours晚睡晚起
    • keep meat使肉保鲜
    • keep New Year欢庆元旦
    • keep old letters保留旧信件
    • keep one's balance保持(身心)平衡,保持镇静
    • keep one's bed卧床
    • keep one's birthday过生日
    • keep one's control over保持对…的控制
    • keep one's head保持镇静
    • keep one's promise遵守诺言
    • keep one's seat坐在座位上不动
    • keep one's watch保存自己的表
    • keep one's word守信用
    • keep open house好客
    • keep open mind不抱偏见
    • keep pigs养猪
    • keep poultry养家禽
    • keep secret保守秘密
    • keep servants雇用仆人
    • keep several head of cattle养几头牲口
    • keep sheep养羊
    • keep silence保持沉默,保持安静
    • keep Spring Festival欢度春节
    • keep step保持步调一致,统一步伐
    • keep the books保存这些书
    • keep the ground坚守阵地
    • keep the house足不出户
    • keep the job保住工作
    • keep the law遵纪守法
    • keep the path沿小路走
    • keep the rules遵守规则
    • keep the Sabbath守安息日
    • keep time合拍子
    • keep watch保持警戒
    • keep watch and ward监视
    ~+形容词
    • keep awake不睡,保持清醒
    • keep calm保持镇静
    • keep clean保持清洁
    • keep clear of躲避
    • keep close靠近
    • keep cool保持冷静
    • keep dark隐讳,保密
    • keep dry保持干燥
    • keep fine保持晴朗
    • keep fit保持健康
    • keep fresh保鲜
    • keep happy使高兴
    • keep quiet保持安静
    • keep silent保持沉默
    • keep warm保暖
    • keep well(身体)保持得很好
    ~+副词
    • keep ahead保持领先地位
    • keep indoors呆在家里,不外出
    • keep well管理得很好
    • keep ceaselessly无休止地保持
    • keep discreetly慎重地保留
    • keep jealously珍藏
    • keep shamelessly无耻地保留
    • keep about在手头经常备有
    • keep away colds不患感冒
    • keep back one's tears忍住泪
    • keep behind隔开一段距离跟在…后面
    • keep down压制,抑制,控制
    • keep down one's anger捺住心头的怒火
    • keep prices down限制物价上涨
    • keep in靠一边走,(使)呆在室内,(使)课后留校,储备
    • keep some good wine in保存些好酒
    • keep off使远离,(使)被延迟或被阻滞
    • keep off the rain挡雨
    • keep on继续
    • keep dark glasses on仍旧戴着墨镜
    • keep out(使)在外,(使)不进入
    • keep the cold out防寒
    • keep together聚拢,(使)动作协调
    • keep under控制,抑制,压住,监视
    • keep the fire under把火势控制住
    • keep up(使)不掉下,(使)不低落,持续不变
    • keep up an old custom保持一种古老的习俗
    • keep up one's spirits振作起来,保持饱满的精神
    ~+介词
    • keep after追求,追赶,纠缠
    • keep after the criminals追踪罪犯
    • keep along沿…继续
    • keep at使…继续
    • keep at one's study坚持学习
    • keep from不告知…,阻止…从事,使免遭,免于
    • keep from laughing忍住不笑
    • keep sb from going out不让…出去
    • keep the wood from damage使木头不受损害
    • keep the bad news from Mother不要告诉母亲这个坏消息
    • keep in将…保存在,使留在(某处),使持续处于
    • keep the house in good repair保持房屋处于良好状态
    • keep ... in mind把…记住
    • keep hands in pockets把手放在口袋里
    • keep off离开,不接近
    • keep off the grass勿踩草地
    • keep out of(使)不入…内,(使)避开,远离
    • keep out of a quarrel不介入争吵
    • keep to向…移动,(使)集中精力于,(使)按…严格行事,呆在(屋里、床上)
    • keep to one's bed卧病
    • keep up with跟上…

    词组短语

    keep in隐瞒,隐藏;抑制;继续燃烧

    keep on继续;穿着…不脱

    keep up保持;继续;不低落;不落后

    keep up with赶得上;和…保持联系

    keep in mind记住

    keep in touch保持联络

    keep pace并驾齐驱;齐步并进

    keep pace with并驾齐驱,保持同步

    keep track通晓事态,注意动向

    keep out阻止进入

    keep away防范;不接近

    keep to oneself保守秘密;不交际

    keep working继续工作;永不停顿

    keep in touch with与…保持联系

    keep away from远离,回避

    keep healthy保持健康

    keep an eye on v. 照看;留意;密切注视

    keep moving继续前进

    keep out of置身于外

    keep abreast of与……并驾齐驱;了解……的最新情况

    更多收起词组短语

    同近义词辨析

    conserve, reserve, retain, withhold, preserve, keep

    这组词都有“保持,保存”的意思,其区别是:

    conserve一般指保存自然资源,保全人的精力、力量等。

    reserve正式用词,指为了将来的用途或其他用途而保存、保留。

    retain指继续保持。

    withhold指扣住不放,暗示有阻碍。

    preserve主要指为防止损害、变质等而保存。

    keep最常用词,指长时间牢固地保持或保存。

    have, hold, possess, own, enjoy, keep

    这组词都有“有,具有,持有”的意思,其区别是:

    have最常用词,可指任何情况下的具有,无论是物质的或精神的。

    hold指拥有并保持财产及持有见解等,暗示不让别人拿走或占有。

    possess较正式,指拥有或占有并能加以控制与支配,强调其归属;也指具有某种品质、才能、特点或性能等。

    own不及本组的possess正式,多指所属关系,强调所有权,不管所属物是否在物主手中。

    enjoy指享有某种权利或长处,带有欣赏或喜爱的情感。

    keep指长时间地保有,保存某物,防止别人占去,强调安全和感情上的依附。

    双语例句

    用作动词(v.)
    1. He would keep in touch with us wherever he was.
      他无论在什么地方,总是与我们保持联系。
    2. Here's a five-pound note-- you can keep the change.
      这是五镑的钞票--零钱不用找了。
    3. Progress is slow but we keep battling on.
      进展虽慢
    4. Where do you keep the detergent?
      你把清洁剂放在哪儿了?
    5. It is easy to open a shop but hard to keep it.
      开店容易经营难。
    6. Once you make a promise, you should keep it.
      一旦做出承诺
    7. She keeps the family on two hundred dollars a week.
      她一个星期给家里200美元。
    8. I have been keeping tropical fish for twenty years.
      我已经养了20年的热带鱼了。
    9. I'll only keep you a few minutes.
      我只耽搁你几分钟。
    10. Finish off the pie-it won't keep.
      把馅饼都吃了吧—搁不住。
    11. We're all keeping well.
      我们都很健康。
    12. She kept her past secret from us all.
      她对我们所有人都避而不谈她的过去。
    13. She kept a diary for over twenty years.
      她记了二十多年的日记。
    14. Once you make a promise, you should keep it.
      一旦做出承诺
    15. She wears a hat to keep the sun out of her eyes.
      她戴上帽子遮阳,保护眼睛。
    用作名词(n.)
    1. Paul earns his keep by helping his elderly landlord.
      保罗靠帮助他年迈的房东干活来维持生计。
    2. The furniture was in good keep.
      这家具保存得很好。

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