present

听听怎么读
英 [ˈpreznt]
美 [ˈprɛznt]
是什么意思
  • adj.

    现在的;目前的;出席的;[语法学]现在时的

  • n.

    现在;礼物;瞄准;

  • vt.

    介绍;出现;提出;赠送

  • vi.

    举枪瞄准;

  • 变形

    复数:presents过去式:presented过去分词:presented现在分词:presenting第三人称单数:presents

    双语释义

    adj.(形容词)
    1. [P]出席的,到场的 being in the place in question announced
    2. [A]现在的,目前的 existing or happening now
    3. [P]存在的,含有的 being in a place, substance. etc.
    4. [A]正在处理或讨论中的 now being considered, dealt with or discussed
    n.(名词)
    1. [S]现在,目前 the time now passing; the present time
    2. [C]礼物,赠品 thing given or received as a gift
    v.(动词)
    1. vt. 出现; 出席; 显示 appear or attend; show
    2. vt. 介绍introduce
    3. vt. 赠与; 交给 give or hand sth to sb

    英英释义

    present[ 'prezənt, pri'zent ]

    • n.
      • the period of time that is happening now; any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech

        "that is enough for the present"; "he lives in the present with no thought of tomorrow"

        同义词:nowadays

      • something presented as a gift

        "his tie was a present from his wife"

      • a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking

        同义词:present tense

    • v.
      • show or demonstrate something to an interested audience

        同义词:showdemoexhibitdemonstrate

      • bring forward and present to the mind

        "We presented the arguments to him"; "We cannot represent this knowledge to our formal reason"

        同义词:representlay out

      • perform (a play), especially on a stage

        同义词:stagerepresent

      • hand over formally

        同义词:submit

      • introduce

        同义词:pose

      • give, especially as an honor or reward

        同义词:award

      • give as a present; make a gift of

        同义词:givegift

      • deliver (a speech, oration, or idea)

        "The commencement speaker presented a forceful speech that impressed the students"

        同义词:deliver

      • cause to come to know personally

        同义词:introduceacquaint

      • represent in a painting, drawing, sculpture, or verbally

        同义词:portray

      • present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize

        同义词:confrontface

      • formally present a debutante, a representative of a country, etc.
      • recognize with a gesture prescribed by a military regulation; assume a prescribed position

        同义词:salute

    • adj.
      • temporal sense; intermediate between past and future; now existing or happening or in consideration

        "the present leader"; "articles for present use"; "the present topic"; "the present system"; "present observations"

      • spatial sense; being or existing in a specified place

        "the murderer is present in this room"; "present at the wedding"; "present at the creation"

    学习怎么用

    词汇搭配

    用作形容词 (adj.)
    ~+名词
    • present continuous tense现在进行时
    • present case此际,当下,在目前情况下
    • present participle现在分词
    • present tense现在时
    • present time现在
    • present writer本作者,笔者
    • the present address现住址
    • the present chairman现任主席
    • the present government现政府
    • the present king现任国王
    • the present situation当前的形势
    ~+介词
    • present at出席(会议),是…的见证人
    • present to出现在…上
    • present to mind放在心上,记忆犹新
    • present to party参加那个晚会
    用作名词 (n.)
    动词+~
    • represent present描绘现在
    • sacrifice present牺牲现在
    • accept present接受礼物
    • accept as present作为礼品接受
    • bring sb present给某人带来礼物
    • buy sb present给某人买礼品
    • decline present谢绝礼品
    • deliver present to sb交给某人礼品
    • exchange present互赠礼物,交换礼品
    • get present得到一件礼物
    • give sb present给某人礼品,给某人赠送礼物
    • receive present收到礼品
    • make sb present赠送某人礼物
    • make sb present of book赠给某人一本书
    • offer sb present给某人礼品
    • present sb with a present向某人赠送礼物
    • receive present接到礼物
    • send sb present给某人送礼物
    • take present接受礼物
    • welcome present对礼物表示欢迎
    形容词+~
    • historical present历史上的现在
    • immediate present目前
    • acceptable present可接受的礼物
    • anniversary present周年纪念礼物
    • beautiful present好看的礼物
    • excellent present漂亮的礼品,很好的礼物
    • expensive present贵重的礼物
    • free present免费赠品
    • good present好的礼物
    • interesting present有趣的礼品
    • little present区区薄礼
    • lovely present漂亮的礼品,使人喜欢的礼物
    • official present正式赠送的礼品
    • parting present临别赠品
    • pleasant present美好的礼品
    • practical present实用的礼物
    • precious present珍贵的礼物
    • small present小礼物
    • valuable present宝贵的礼物
    • wonderful present很好的礼品
    名词+~
    • birthday present生日礼物
    • Christmas present圣诞礼物
    • farewell present临别赠品
    • graduation present毕业礼物
    • wedding present结婚礼物
    介词+~
    • at present目前,现在
    • for present目前,暂时
    • in present现在式
    • until present到目前为止,至今
    • up to present到目前为止,至今
    ~+介词
    • present for给…的礼物
    • present from university大学校方的礼品
    用作动词 (v.)
    ~+名词
    • present a faithful account of the event忠实地描述了这一事件
    • present sb's idea表达某人的观点
    ~+副词
    • present adequately充分地介绍
    • present aimlessly无目的地介绍
    • present appropriately适当地介绍
    • present brazenly厚颜无耻地交给
    • present carefully仔细介绍
    • present casually偶尔出现
    • present conditionally有条件地出席
    • present consciously自觉地介绍
    • present cordially真心诚意地介绍
    • present curtly三言两语地介绍
    • present directly直接交给
    • present formally正式出现
    • present handsomely大方地介绍
    • present humbly谦恭地介绍
    • present listlessly无精打采地出席
    • present modestly合适地介绍
    • present necessarily必要地介绍
    • present parenthetically附带介绍
    • present passively被动地出席
    • present philosophically冷静地介绍
    • present reasonably有理地介绍
    • present reluctantly不情愿地介绍
    • present unanimously一致出席
    • present unflaggingly悄悄地介绍
    ~+介词
    • present an award to sb给某人颁奖
    • present sb with把…赠送给某人

    词组短语

    present oneself出席

    at present目前,现在

    present situation现状

    at the present目前;当前

    present condition目前的状态

    present status现状

    for the present暂时,目前

    present something at someone举枪对准某人瞄准,用(武器)对准某人

    present time目前;现在时(时态)

    present at出席;在场

    at the present time目前

    birthday present生日礼物

    present value现值

    present with赠(礼物)

    past and present过去与现在

    live in the present活在当下

    at the present stage在现阶段;目前

    net present value净现值,现在净价值;纯现价

    present itself vt. 出现,呈现

    the present day目前;当代

    更多收起词组短语

    同近义词辨析

    present, volunteer, propose, offer

    这组词都有“提出,提供”的意思,其区别是:

    present既可指提出意见建议等,又可指拿出某物供人欣赏或赠送。

    volunteer与offer同义,侧重出于自愿,而不是寿命做某事。

    propose指直接而主动地提出问题或建议等,也指在讨论或争辨中提出具体意见或建议。

    offer最普通用词,多指主动提出或提供意见或东西等,但是否接受由对方自行决定。

    modern, present, up-to-date, contemporary, current, recent

    这组词都有“现代的,当代的”的意思,其区别是:

    modern指现代或近代,时期可长可短。也可指新颖、时髦的。

    present是这些词中语气最强的一个。指现在正发生、起作用的。

    up-to-date一般用于非正式场合,指很时新、能反映当前的最新发展。

    contemporary仅指当今这个时代,不涉及任何过去的时代。但可表示不同的人或物存在于同一时代。

    current指目前存在和发生的。

    recent表示新近的,最近的,时间的长短依据所修饰的人或物而定。

    equip, furnish, present, provide, volunteer, propose, supply, offer, afford

    equip侧重提供与技术有关的装备或设备等

    furnish多指添置家具等供给生活的必需品或为生活舒适提供所需的服务设施

    present既可指提出意见建议等,又可指拿出某物供人欣赏或赠送

    provide与supply近义,但强调人的深谋远虑,侧重用贮备等方法作充分准备

    volunteer侧重出于自愿,而不是奉命做某事

    propose指直接而主动地提出问题或建议等,也指在讨论或争辩中提出具体意见或建议

    supply普通用词,指提供任何所需求的东西

    offer多指主动提出或提供意见或东西等,但是否接受由对方自行决定

    afford一般只用于对抽象事物提供,也可指经济能力上的供给或支付

    confer, present, endow, grant, give, award, accord, bestow

    这组词都有“给予,赠给”的意思,其区别是:

    confer通常指授予称号或学位等。

    present指正式地给予或授予,通常伴有仪式进行。

    endow指捐赠大量的钱作基金,也可指给予非物质的东西。

    grant多指出于慷慨、怜悯或正义感而给予,并且通常是在被请求下给予。

    give最普通用词,泛指将自己的东西给予他人,所给予的东西,物质或非物质的均可。

    award通常暗示所给予的东西是接受者应得的,而且给予者往往是具有裁判权力的。

    accord侧重所给予的是应得的或是恰当的,或是因某种原因而适于接受的。

    bestow正式用词,指把某物作为礼物赠送于某人,也可作引申用。

    present, gift, souvenir, tip

    这组词都有“礼物,赠品”的意思,其区别是:

    present普通用词,指给亲朋好友的礼物,赠者与被赠者之间存在某种个人关系,所赠礼物一般不是很昂贵的。

    gift含义广,既可指真诚相送的礼物、赠品或生日、节日礼物,又可指捐赠的物品或捐款等。

    souvenir指对人、物、地点或事件有纪念意义的礼物或纪念品。

    tip指为酬谢他人服务而给的小费。

    present, offer

    present赠予,提高

    offer提供,给予

    present, current

    这组词都有“现在”的意思,其区别是:

    present 为常用词,指现在正在通用的,在时间上比current的范围更窄。如:What’s your present address?(你现住址是哪里?)

    current 强调在现阶段正在流行,通用,但不一定是最新的。如:current English (当代英语)

    双语例句

    用作名词(n.)
    1. He bought me a valuable diamond ring as a birthday present.
      他给我买了一只贵重的钻戒作生日礼物。
    2. I wish to make you a present in token of my gratitude.
      我想送你一件礼物,以表示对你的感谢之情。
    3. Focusing on the future instead of the present can cripple any activity.
      不注意现在只考虑将来就可能做不成任何事。
    4. There's no certain cure for this illness at present.
      现在这种病尚无确实可靠的疗法。
    用作形容词(adj.)
    1. He insists on being present.
      他一定要出席。
    2. A number of local personalities were present at the meeting.
      一些当地名人出席了会议。
    3. According to our present ideas of physics, nothing can travel faster than light.
      根据我们现在物理学的概念,没有什么东西能超过光速。
    4. I am content to stay in my present job.
      我对现在的工作心满意足。
    5. My present finances preclude the possibility of buying a car.
      按我目前的财务状况我是不可能买车的。
    6. He suspected that a leak was present somewhere along the pipe.
      他猜疑管道里什么地方漏了。
    用作动词(v.)
    1. He presented quite a new view of the affair.
      他对那件事提出了相当新的看法。
    2. We should like to present some suggestions which would help settle the question.
      我们愿提出一些建议,可能有助于解决这个问题。
    3. They presented a sum of money to the college in memory of their son.
      他们向学院赠送了一笔款项以纪念他们的儿子。
    4. The whole village presented a face placid.
      整个村庄呈现出一片宁静。
    5. The ships in the bay present a beautiful sight.
      海湾内的船舶呈现一派美丽的景致。

    权威例句

    Hybrid porous solids: past, present, future
    Computational Analysis of Present-day activation studies
    DRUGS & CALCIUM CHANNELS: THE PAST, THE PRESENT & THE FUTURE
    Product development: Past research, present findings, and future directions.
    ChemInform Abstract: Hybrid Porous Solids: Past, Present, Future
    Measuring the Distances from the Ancient Egyptians to the Present Day
    The Analysis of Solventless Epoxy Resin Coatings Development Present Situation
    TRATAMIENTO CON HORMONA DE CRECIMIENTO Y CRANEOFARINGIOMA: PRESENTACIÓN DE CASO
    State of the plate: Assessing present and future contribution of fisheries and aquaculture to Hawai‘i’s food security
    THE NEW METHOD ABOUT SEISMIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DOCUMENT MANAGEMENT IN PRESENT SITUATION IN CHINA
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