common

听听怎么读
英 [ˈkɒmən]
美 [ˈkɑmən]
是什么意思
  • adj.

    普通的;通俗的;[数学]公共的;共有的

  • n.

    [法律](对土地、水域的)共有权;公共用地;普通;平民

  • 变形

    复数:commons

    双语释义

    adj.(形容词)
    1. 普遍的,常见的 usual or familiar happening or found often and in many place
    2. 公有的,共有的,共同的 shared by, done by or affecting two or more people
    3. 一般的,平常的ordinary

    英英释义

    common[ 'kɔmən ]

    • n.a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area

      同义词:parkcommonsgreen

    • adj.
      • belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public

        "for the common good"; "common lands are set aside for use by all members of a community"

      • having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual

        "the common man"; "a common sailor"; "the common cold"; "a common nuisance"; "followed common procedure"; "it is common knowledge that she lives alone"; "the common housefly"; "a common brand of soap"

      • common to or shared by two or more parties

        "a common friend"

        同义词:mutual

      • commonly encountered

        "a common (or familiar) complaint"

        同义词:usual

      • being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language

        "common parlance"

        同义词:vernacularvulgar

      • of or associated with the great masses of people

        "the common people in those days suffered greatly"; "behavior that branded him as common"

        同义词:plebeianvulgarunwashed

      • of low or inferior quality or value

        "produced...the common cloths used by the poorer population"

        同义词:coarse

      • lacking refinement or cultivation or taste

        "behavior that branded him as common"

        同义词:coarserough-cutuncouthvulgar

      • to be expected; standard

        "common decency"

    学习怎么用

    词汇搭配

    用作形容词 (adj.)
    ~+名词
    • common cup公用杯子
    • common error among scholars学者们常犯的错误
    • common ground(利益与观念上的)共同基础
    • common market共同市场
    • common people平民,大众
    • common property公共财产
    • common revolutionary goal共同的革命目标
    副词+~
    • less common不普遍
    • quite common相当普通的
    ~+介词
    • common among在…很常见
    • common between两者共有之处
    • common with与…共有的

    词组短语

    in common共同的;共有的

    common people大众,平民

    common ground(争论双方的)共同基础;一致之处

    in common with与…一样

    common sense常识

    common use共同使用;多畜共牧

    common law习惯法;不成文法

    common cause共同事业;共同目标协会;偶然原因;普通原因

    common language共同语;公用语言

    common prosperity共同繁荣;共同富裕

    common interest共同利益

    common goal共同目标

    common practice惯例;习惯作法

    common cold感冒

    common stock普通股;普通股股本

    common market(欧洲)共同市场;欧洲共同体

    common feature共同特征

    common knowledge n. 常识;大家都知道的事

    common name[化]常用名;普通名称;普通名词

    common life平淡生活

    更多收起词组短语

    同近义词辨析

    reciprocal, joint, mutual, common

    这组词都有“共同的,相互的”的意思,其区别是:

    reciprocal着重互惠,有来有往。

    joint强调至少两人或两方共同占用,侧重指一个统一体。

    mutual着重彼此共有或共享,局限于双方的关系。

    common侧重两人或多人共有共同,但不暗示彼此间存在的等价关系。

    typical, unique, rare, common, particular, special

    typical典型的

    unique唯一的

    rare罕见的,珍贵的

    common共同的

    particular特定的,特殊的

    special特殊的,特别的

    usual, ordinary, common, popular, normal, universal, general

    usual平常的,惯常的

    ordinary平凡的,词义与common接近,指符合一般或常规事物标准或相同的规格,因而只具有普通的特性

    common普通的,共有的,指从质量或品德上无特殊或显眼之处,属于大多数人或事物所具有的,常见的;

    popular大众的,受欢迎的,指属于或代表大众的某事物,强调常见的,大众化的特征

    normal正常的,正规的,指符合某种标准的

    universal普遍的,有完全没有例外之意;

    general一般的,普通的,含有例外情况较少之意或暗示包括全部同一范畴的事物;

    usual, ordinary, common, popular, universal, commonplace, general

    这组词都有“普通的,普遍的”的意思,其区别是:

    usual指常见常闻和常做的事或举动,强调惯常性。

    ordinary用于物,指每天发生,十分平淡无奇;用于人,指无特别之处,很一般。

    common多用于指物,侧重很常见,不稀奇。

    popular指适应大众爱好、需要,为大家所公认或接受。

    universal与general同义,但语气较强,侧重对每个人或事物都适用,根本没有例外。

    commonplace强调缺少新意。

    general语气强于common,侧重大多如此,很少有例外情况。

    usual, common, universal, general, average

    这组词都有“普通”的意思,其区别是:

    usuala.通常的,惯常的,强调"习惯性的,符合规章制度的",是个一般用语。

    commona.常见的,普通的,不足为奇的,有时引申为"平凡的",强调事物的共同性。另外,它还有"公共的,共同的"之意。

    Car accidents are a common occurrence.交通事故是很普通的事件。

    universala.普遍的,比general语气更强,有"全然没有例外"的意思。

    Poverty is a universal problem all over the world.贫困是世界各地普遍存在的问题。

    generala.普通的,一般的,表示涉及到各方面,强调整体性而非个别和例外,该词的反义词为particular。

    In general, the economy is doing well now.总的来说,现在的经济形式还不错。

    averagea.普通的,一般的,它强调的是一般水准或普通水准;通常在有数字出现的情况下,表示"平均的"。

    The average runner can run 2 miles in fifteen minutes.跑步者15分钟内平均跑两英里。

    双语例句

    用作形容词(adj.)
    1. Windmills are a common sight in Holland.
      风车是荷兰常见的景色。
    2. We have common topics to talk about.
      我们有共同的话题可谈。
    3. Common interests bind us together.
      共同的利益使我们结合在一起。
    4. Smith is a common surname.
      史密斯是个很普通的姓。
    5. It is not common for him to receive letters.
      他接信是不平常的。
    6. Excellence is to do a common thing in an uncommon way.
      所谓优秀就是用不平凡的方法做平凡的事.
    7. She thought he was very common and uneducated.
      她认为他很粗俗且无教养。
    用作名词(n.)
    1. We went for a walk on the common.
      我们在公地上散步。
    2. His parents were of the commons.
      他的父母是平民。
    3. Extra shares of common will be sold publicly.
      额外的普通股份将公开出售。
    4. They campaign nationally for the protection of commons, village greens and footpaths.
      他们在全国搞运动宣传保护城市公园、乡村绿地和人行小径。

    权威例句

    Common method biases in behavioral research: a critical review of the literature and recommended remedies
    Genome-wide association study of 14,000 cases of seven common diseases and 3,000 shared controls.
    Common risk factors in the returns on stocks and bonds
    Common Risk Factors in Returns on Stocks and Bonds
    Identification of common molecular subsequences
    Bacterial Biofilms: A Common Cause of Persistent Infections
    A candidate genetic risk factor for vascular disease: a common mutation in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase
    EGF receptor gene mutations are common in lung cancers from "never smokers"and are associated with sensitivity of tumors to gefitin...
    What's the Relative Risk?: A Method of Correcting the Odds Ratio in Cohort Studies of Common Outcomes
    A Common Cause of Persistent Infections
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