desert

听听怎么读
英 [ˈdezət]
美 [ˈdezərt]
是什么意思
  • n.

    沙漠;荒地;应得的赏罚;功劳,美德

  • adj.

    沙漠的;荒芜的,不毛的;无人的;

  • v.

    丢开,抛弃;擅离职守;逃亡,逃走;开小差

  • 变形

    复数:deserts过去式:deserted过去分词:deserted现在分词:deserting第三人称单数:deserts

    双语释义

    n.(名词)
    1. [C][U]沙漠,不毛之地 barren land, with very little water and vegetation, often sand-covered
    v.(动词)
    1. vt. & vi. 舍弃,遗弃 leave without help or support
    2. vi. 开小差,逃亡 leave military service without permission

    英英释义

    desert[ 'dezət ]

    • n.arid land with little or no vegetation
    • v.
      • leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch

        "The mother deserted her children"

        同义词:abandonforsakedesolate

      • desert (a cause, a country or an army), often in order to join the opposing cause, country, or army

        "If soldiers deserted Hitler's army, they were shot"

        同义词:defect

    • adj.located in a dismal or remote area; desolate

      "a desert island"

      同义词:godforsakenwastewild

    学习怎么用

    词汇搭配

    用作名词 (n.)
    动词+~
    • reclaim a desert开垦沙漠
    形容词+~
    • barren desert荒凉的不毛之地
    • cultural desert文化沙漠
    • trackless desert人迹罕至的沙漠
    • arid desert干旱的沙漠
    • entertainment desert一个缺乏文化娱乐的地方
    名词+~
    • the Gobi desert戈壁滩沙漠
    • the Sahara desert撒哈拉沙漠
    介词+~
    • in a desert在沙漠中
    • on a desert在沙漠中
    ~+介词
    • be lost in a desert of doubt陷入疑惑的荒漠中
    • a desert of snow一片雪原
    用作动词 (v.)
    ~+名词
    • desert a cause背弃某种事
    • desert a doctrine背离某种学说
    • desert an institution离开某机构
    • desert campaign pledges背弃竞选的保证
    • desert one's colours变节
    • desert one's family遗弃家庭
    • desert one's post弃职
    • desert one's principles抛弃原则
    • desert one's wife抛弃妻子
    • desert the army从军队里开小差
    • desert the land抛弃土地
    • desert the stage离开舞台
    ~+副词
    • desert basely基本抛弃
    • desert completely绝迹
    • desert cruelly残忍地抛弃
    • desert easily容易抛弃
    • desert finally最后地抛弃
    • desert heartlessly狠心地抛弃
    • desert virtually事实上抛弃
    • desert willfully故意抛弃
    ~+介词
    • desert from ship擅自离船
    • desert from the army擅自离开军队
    • desert sb in misfortune抛弃遇到不幸的人
    • desert sb in trouble抛弃遇到困难的人
    • desert to the enemy叛逃投敌

    词组短语

    desert island n. 荒岛

    sahara desert撒哈拉大沙漠[北非]

    gobi desert戈壁沙漠(蒙古和中国西北部)

    taklimakan desert塔克拉玛干沙漠(新疆塔里木盆地中部)

    desert landscape沙漠地貌

    arabian desert n. 阿拉伯沙漠

    desert soil荒漠土,荒漠土壤

    rocky desert岩质沙漠

    desert storm沙漠风暴(指1990年以美国为首的多国部队针对伊拉克侵占科威特而发动的军事进攻)

    sandy desert纯沙沙漠

    desert climate沙漠气候,荒漠气候

    cold desert n. 冻原;寒冷不毛之地

    kalahari desert喀拉哈里沙漠(位于非洲南部)

    atacama desert阿塔卡马沙漠(位于智利北部)

    namib desert纳米布沙漠(位于非洲西南部,是世界上最古老、最干燥的沙漠之一)

    更多收起词组短语

    同近义词辨析

    desert, leave, give up, forsake, abandon

    这组词都有“抛弃、放弃”的意思,其区别是:

    desert着重指违背法律责任和义务,或自己的信仰与誓言的行为,多含非难的意味。

    leave普通用词,指舍弃某事或某一职业,或终止同一某人的关系,但不涉及动机与果。

    give up普通用语,侧重指没有希望或因外界压力而放弃。

    forsake侧重断绝感情上的依恋,自愿抛弃所喜欢的人或物。也指抛弃信仰或改掉恶习。

    abandon强调永远或完全放弃或抛弃人或事物等,这可能是被迫的,也可能是自愿的。

    desert, dessert

    desert 沙漠。如:Have you ever been to a desert?

    dessert 甜食。如:What would you like for dessert, an apple pie or ice-cream?

    desert, abandon

    desert违背前约,放弃应尽的责任或义务

    abandon因无用或厌烦而彻底放弃;

    双语例句

    用作名词(n.)
    1. Two thirds of the country is dry or desert.
      这个国家有三分之二的地方气候干燥,或者是沙漠。
    2. Some of them died of thirst in the desert.
      他们中有些人在沙漠中渴死了。
    3. Water can transform a desert into a garden.
      水能把一片不毛之地变成一座花园。
    用作动词(v.)
    1. The baby's mother deserted him soon after giving birth.
      那个母亲生下他后不久就把他遗弃了。
    2. The villages had been deserted.
      这些村庄已经荒无人烟了。
    3. The price rise caused many readers to desert the magazine.
      价格上涨让使这本杂志丧失了很多读者。
    4. A soldier who deserts in time of war is punished severely.
      战争期间开小差的士兵要受到严惩。

    权威例句

    Desert Ecosystems: Environment and Producers
    Water addiction in captive desert rodents
    The Physics of Blown Sand and Desert Dunes by R. A. Bagnold
    The Physics of Blown Sand and Desert Dunes by R. A. Bagnold
    Temporal Succession in a Desert Stream Ecosystem Following Flash Flooding
    Fire history on a desert mountain range: Rincon Mountain Wilderness, Arizona, U.S.A.
    On the Spatial Pattern of Soil Nutrients in Desert Ecosystems
    Alternaria as a major allergen for asthma in children raised in a desert environment
    Cryptic vicariance in the historical assembly of a Baja California peninsular desert biota.
    Novel Crohn Disease Locus Identified by Genome-Wide Association Maps to a Gene Desert on 5p13.1 and Modulates Expression of PTGER4
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